To plant an apple tree, you need to have either apple seeds or buy a plant at a nursery or garden center. Planting an apple tree requires thinking first about where to get it, knowing that it can adapt to small spaces, but also take a lot of space if you have enough land. For the smallest areas, you can opt for cording against a wall, espalier on a fixed structure, bush or tree with a long or short trunk.
It is also crucial to ensure that apple fertilization is assured since it is necessary for the transformation of flowers into fruit. If some varieties of apple trees are self-fertile, the majority will need to be close to another apple pollinator. These are either apple blossoms or compatible apple trees (compatibility are to be checked according to the varieties). If you live in an area with lots of gardens, it’s a safe bet that pollination (provided by wind and bees) will be smooth. If you live in an isolated area, it is best to plant several compatible apple trees.
Buying Tips for Apple Plants
It is, therefore, necessary to choose your apple tree according to these two elements so that it complements your wishes. Moreover, do not forget to look at the points below:
When to Plant the Apple Tree?
Generally, the apple plantation is done between November and March, except for periods of extreme cold that make the soil hard to work. It is good to follow the old proverb “At Sainte Catherine (November 25), all wood takes root”: the tree enjoys winter rains, which is ideal for the development of the young tree.
Planted too early or too late, the greedy vegetative system will slow root development. So if you bought a plant, put it in the ground as soon as possible.
Consider Before Plantation
Our Planting Tips and Maintenance Recommendations
How to Grow a Potted Apple Tree?
Some dwarf and self-fertile apple species are ideal for growing in a pot on a terrace or balcony. This tutorial explains how to plant and maintain such a tree.
- Pot bottom drilled at least minimum 40cm in height
- Organic amendment
- Planting Soil
- Clay balls
- Drainage equipment
How to Grow an Apple Tree From Seeds?
Dry the apple seeds
- Remove the seeds from the flesh of the apple fruit.
- Choose seeds of different varieties.
- Pass the pips in cold water.
- Dry them with a cloth.
- Place the apple seeds in a cloth letting the air through.
- Store them in a room where the temperature does not exceed 15 ° C for 2 or 3 days.
- Stir them occasionally and make sure insects do not attack them.
Put Seeds in Germination
- Prepare a container with wet sand.
- Lay several layers of seeds on the sand.
- Cover lightly with damp sand.
- Place the bin in a cool place for 2 or 3 months.
Spray the Sprouted Apple Seeds
In the spring, the apple seeds have begun to germinate, they must be transplanted
- Mix potting soil with garden soil.
- Fill them with pots.
- Drop some germinated seeds.
- Keep moderate humidity.
- Wait a year and transplant the plants to the desired location.
How to Plant an Apple Tree with Bare Roots?
In a nursery or garden center, you have to choose between an apple tree sold in a container or the pot and an apple tree with bare roots. Bare rooted trees are usually cheaper to purchase but must be planted in the next few days, unlike clump trees that can stay in their pots for several weeks. When buying, make sure that the roots are not dry, in which case it will be necessary to make praline.
- Planting Soil
- Organic amendment (manure or fertilizer)
Apple Tree Maintenance
Fertilizer supply: Provide an organic fertilizer rich in nitrogen in each spring of the second year. In the fall, bury a fruit fertilizer to ensure good fruiting.
Summer Maintenance: Support overcrowded branches of apples. Give quantity amount of water during the first years of cultivation in dry weather.
- January: get rid of lichen and moss trunks with a brush
- February: spray along the branches and the trunk a product of late winter against the overwintering forms of insects. At the end of the month, spray Bordeaux mixture as a preventive measure against the primary diseases.
- March and April: as soon as the buds swell, apply a complete treatment, followed by another application to bursting and when the flower petals fall.
- October: protect your apple trees from chance as soon as the leaves have fallen with copper oxychloride.
Apple Diseases and Pests
- Apple Scab: it is manifested by brown spots on the fruits and then on the leaves. If the contamination is important the fruits crackle.
- Apple Canker: produces on the bark lesions that widen gradually and can cause the death of the upper part of the affected branch.
- Oidium: in spring it covers the leaves, floral peduncles, fruits and young shoots of a white-gray felting. The affected leaves become deformed and fall.
- Monilia: causes concentric rot of fruit on the tree.
- Codling Moth: apple worm, the caterpillar digs the fruit.