If you don’t already buy your firewood and you don’t have a log splitter, then you have to go back to the quality splitting axe. The axe should be as sharp as possible so that the wood can be split smoothly. Today, we will explain how to sharpen an axe step by step.
In the age of electric tools, nevertheless, the axe is one of the essential tools that depends on your muscle power. But even when chopping wood you can minimize the force with the help of a sharp axe. From my experience, one thing is clear that even the best edge of an axe becomes duller over time at work. So it makes sense to grind and sharpen the axe time to time.
Sharpening Axe By The Hands
For hard & strong firewood must require a sharpened axe. To complete this work you can call an expert to your home that will sharpen the axe with his own hands or try yourself. But using a blunt tool to sharpen the axe can harm human health and life.
Axe is a specific tool that is used for processing or cutting wooden things. Such a tool consists of three parts: the floor plate, the body of the handle and the throat of the handle. The blade is made from different types of steel that contain more than 0.7% carbon. There uses two types of metal: special types and ordinary types. Both differ in the number of metallic impurities.
Before making the decision, it is necessary to determine the desired angle. The final sharpness of the blade is affected by factors such as the size and the angle of grinding of the chamfer. This last characteristic is chosen according to the type of work proposed. To chop the stump or wood, use an acute angle. This figure may be less than 20 °.
A general rule, sharpen the blade at an angle of 25 ° to 30 °. This is enough to perform minor tasks on wood processing (e.g., logs or cut small trees). To perform a more precise job, experts advise using the angle of 15 or 20 °. Sharpening these angles will assist in the accurate finishing of the wood. The manufacturer uses this technique mostly to complete the finishing of individual pieces of furniture.
- Rigid wire brush to remove rust
- Sandpaper of varying thickness
- Protective glasses
- The surface with a vise
- Wire brush to remove dust
- Oil or lubricant
The work is done in the following order:
- First, clean the Axe blade from rust. This is done using specialized tools and a wire brush.
- Then, polish the surface from all directions even for every angle of the gripping surface.
- Repeat the previous procedure again and again; in case one can use fabrics to polish the surface
- Fix the Axe on the edge of a table or in a vise so that the blade edge hangs from the table, and the handle rests against the surface.
- Remove metal chips and other dust with the brush.
- Now keep the blade double sided stone in a circular motion. Before this procedure, keep the surface oily or lubricated.
- On the other hand, sharpening the blade also goes through the same method, but uses the less hard rock.
- Instruments used for polishing metal surfaces prevent the occurrence of corrosion & sharpen the exe perfectly.
So we thought about how to sharpen the axe. As you can see, this procedure can be done with our own hands.
When sharpening the axe blade must stand at the rotation level from the surface, it can be the angle of 45°. Slowly, move the blade in the rotation along the surface for perfect polishing of the bevel. To avoid overheating, wash it with cooling water, or at least permanently immerse the axe under a stream of cold water.
There are also 3 best ways to sharpen an axe. I will briefly show all 3 possibilities.
Axe Sharpen With the File
- Cold water
- Flat file
- Belt grinder (has proved a grit of 240)
How To Sharpen an Axe with File
Protection should be considered before starting work. It is recommended to wear safety glass to protect against flying metal splinters, nasty grains and sparks.
Instructions for Axe Sharpening
If the cutting edge of the axe has a more profound defect, then you must first sand back the entire cutting edge. To do this, you should clamp the axe with the cutting edge upwards in a vise and use a flat file to remove material from the cutting edge until the defect is no longer visible. Make sure that you keep the original radius of the cutting edge.
Remove the axe from the stump and attach a belt sander. The filing process finally resulted in a hard edge, which you now have to sharpen again at a sharpening angle of about 30 degrees (15 degrees on each side). But even if you have not done the first step, you should now work with the belt sander.
Turn on the belt sander and choke the speed. Now you have to move the axe up and down across the sanding belt. However, it is essential that you dissolve the blade of the axe in cold water for a short time because the temperature of the blade increases very swiftly during grinding.
Finally, it comes to fine-tuning. For this purpose, a dampen grindstone tides with the ground in circular motions along with the cutting edge.
And that was about it. If you have followed the steps, then your axe should be nice and sharp again and the beating of firewood will turn into a child’s play.
Axe Sharpen With the Grinder
If you have a grinder, you can easily sharpen the axe by using it. But beware! You have to proceed correctly. For sharpening an axe, it is important to use a grinding wheel. Also, when buying a grinding wheel, make sure to choose the right diameter.
In the video, you can see how to sharpen the axe quickly and easily with a grinder.
Axe Sharpen With the Axe Sharpener
Alternatively, you can use an axe sharpener. If you hold the axe vertically, you cannot do anything wrong. The axe adjusts with the angle optimally.
Chop firewood with the splitting axe
A splitting axe is basically the smaller version of a split hammer(maul). It is especially used for shredding firewood.
Here are the features of a splitting axe:
The splitting axe handle made of wood or fiberglass. Their total length usually measures between 60 to 80 cm. A big plus point is their low weight, as it averagely brings on just 2 kg on the scales, making us lighter than a large splitting maul.
The classic application of a splitting axe is undoubtedly the chopping and splitting firewood. It makes sense that you should cut wood as soon as the tree starts falling. The drier wood gets harder. Also, the wood in a firewood rack dries faster when crushed. However, if the wood is already very dry and hard, then use of a splitting maul.
Safe handling of a splitting axe
We already know, an axe is a dangerous tool, we certainly do not need to emphasize here. But the fact is to consider specific security measures. It is important that the wood to be split has a firm foundation and rests on a stable surface. Tribes have tested and tried, especially the beach logs. If the wood is missed when splitting, the axe lands safely in the tree trunk and not in the ground or even in your legs.