Bonsai is associated with Zen philosophy, related to Buddhist culture. Nowadays its mostly used for aesthetic and decoration purposes.
So, A natural & beautiful bonsai has lots of aesthetic value and market value also. Only proper take care of bonsai gives you a desired shape and size.
Though take care of bonsai is a very easy task, but it needs a lot of attention like the relationship. And your desired shape depends on what types of bonsai you want to make.
Proper Care of Bonsai
Mainly placement of your bonsai depends on the climate of your region, time of year and tree species.
Moreover, In summer, bonsai should be placed outside where it will get enough sunlight. Morning sun and afternoon shade are Preferred for your bonsai.
On the other hand, In winter, It should bring your bonsai inside. Keep in mind to placement inside that it could get minimum sunlight half of the day. It must be placed 3 or 4 feet high above the ground for getting visual advantages.
Loamy soil is most suitable for bonsai.
Compost, Vermicompost, brick powder, sand, molasses, terracotta powder, cow manure, ashes should be mixed with your bonsai soil. You must consider that your bonsai soil must allow for proper aeration and proper drainage.
The plant should be watered by watering cane on bottom soaking method only when the soil surface is slightly dried.
But the Noticeable thing is that soil never becomes dry completely.
Don’t maintain a routine. Because sometimes plant don’t need water.
Before watering you must check with your finger inserted into the soil.
It’s the better idea to use a good soil moisture meter.
Bonemeal, blood meal and oil cake can be used in both dry or liquid form.
I would like to recommend to apply manure in liquid form
Liquid manure may be prepared by allowing decomposition of oil cake and cow dung in equal proportion for several days.
This should be applied just after reporting your plant and from the beginning of the growing season.
Your bonsai fertilizer should have N, P, K to the specified ratio.
Those three elements are necessary for growth, root formation, and healthy development of your bonsai.
Though you know that the fertilizer is suitable for your bonsai but over fertilizing is terrible.
Bonsaiempire Blog team published the article on the ration and fertilizing a Bonsai step by step.
It is the practice where all the leaves are removed from a plant to force a new batch of foliage.
It encourages new leaves of smaller size and gives a fresh look.
Your plant must be kept in the shade. Just after or before defoliation no extra food should be applied.
The best time of defoliation is July-August or February-March.
Though it depends on your climate and species of your bonsai.
Shoot pinching with sharp scissors or finger is done in bonsai plants which are grown flowering beauty.
Pinching is essential for getting the desired shape.
Perfect pinching makes your bonsai miniature.
It’s always better to keep your plants under constant supervision and take proper preventive measures against pest and diseases.
Application of pesticides at regular intervals.
Don’t apply any pesticides without know proper dose and uses of the pesticides.
Some Popular Types of Bonsai
‣ On the basis of size
It maintains a height is not exceeding 15 cm(7.5-15cm). It also called “Mame” or “Fingertip” bonsai.
It reaches a height of 30 cm(15-30cm).
It has the most popular size between 30-60 cm in sizes.
60 to 100 cm are the large size bonsai.
‣ On The Basis Of Shape
Upright Formal (Chokkan)
In this style, a single specimen is green with the straight and upright stem.
Upright Informal (Miyogi)
The relaxed version of formal upright. Between Formal and Informal Upright Styles recommended the upright informal for a beginner.
Oblique Style (Shakan)
The plant is green in oblique position as if swept by the wind; trunk line may be straight.
Winding Style (Fukinagashi)
The trunk is twisted near one or several times.
The trunk hangs over the edge.
‣ On The basis of No. Of Trunk
Twin Trunk (Sokan)
Two trunks come out from a single ball of roots.
Triple Trunk (Sankan)
Three trunks come out from a single root ball.
Multiple Trunk (Kabudachi)
More than five trunks come out from the single root ball.
There are many style and shape of bonsai
So, Be educated about your plant behavior and take care of your bonsai properly.